Sky Journals of Educational Research Vol. 5(3), pp. 018-026, June, 2017. Available online

ISSN 2354-4406 ©2017 Sky Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Declining educational standards of Federal Universities in the Northwest zone of Nigeria


Babalola Victor Tubosun*, Awaisu Umar and Ibrahim Zubairu


Faculty of Education, Northwest University, Kano-Nigeria.


*Corresponding author. E-mail: or Tel.:+2347033587119.   



Accepted 27 May, 2017


The importance of education to the development of any nation across the globe needs not to be underrated. So, the issue of falling standard of education has become the public outcry not only in Nigeria but across the world. Obviously, this problem of education is not limited to the Northwest zone of Nigeria but transcends her six geopolitical zones. However, the study is delimited to northwest zone of Nigeria for convenience. The study adopts descriptive survey design using students and lecturers of Federal Universities in the Northwest zone as the population of the study. Putting Krejcie and Morgan 1970 table of sample size into consideration, stratified random sampling technique was used to draw four hundred (400) respondents from the four selected universities as the sample used. A structured questionnaire entitled “Questionnaire on falling standard of university education in Nigeria (QFSUEN)”was used as data collection instrument. The instrument was subjected to face and content validation of experts in Bayero University Kano and Northwest University Kano respectively. The reliability of the instrument was tested with Cronbact’s Alpha Reliability test and it was found to be 0.85. The data collected was analyzed to answer the research questions and test the hypotheses using universal percentage, critical ratio and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). It is evident from the findings of this study that the standard of education in federal universities of Northwest zone of Nigeria has not fallen but the quality of academics and graduate performances are gradually declining. Also, the characteristics, causes, and the implications of this decline were discovered. Finally, recommendations were made to improve the quality of Federal University systems not only in Northwest zone but in Nigeria at large.

Key words:
Skills acquisition, poor graduate performance, perception, academic achievement.

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