Sky Journal of Biochemistry Research Vol. 4(4), pp. 025-030, November, 2015.  Available online http://www.skyjournals.org/SJBR

ISSN 2315-8786 ©2015 Sky Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Comparative proximate, mineral elements and anti-nutrients composition between Musa sapientum (Banana) and Musa paradisiaca (Plantain) pulp flour
 

Auta S. A1* and Kumurya A. S.2

 

1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Bayero University, P. M. B., 3011, Kano, Nigeria.
2Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, P. M. B., 3011, Kano, Nigeria.

 

*Corresponding author. E-mail: sadiyaashiruauta@gmail.com.

 

Accepted 13 November, 2015

 

Abstract

 

Plants have played significant roles in maintaining the health and promoting the quality of human life for thousands of years. Musa sapientum (banana) and Musa paradisiaca (plantain), both of which are major starchy staples in the local food economies of sub-Saharan Africa, provides more than 25% of carbohydrates and 10% of the daily calorie intake for more than 70 million people in the continent. Plantain and banana flour are most important some of the raw material in the baking and confectionery industry, and complementary food formulation. The aim of this research was to carry out comparative assessment of the proximate composition, mineral elements and anti-nutrients contents between Plantain and banana. Biochemical studies with a view to compare the nutritional potentials between banana and plantain were carried out by evaluating the proximate composition, mineral elements and anti-nutritional content of the two varieties. The result showed that there is no significant difference (P > 0.05) in the carbohydrate, protein, ash, moisture, crude fibre and fat content of banana and plantain. The mineral elements analysis showed a significantly higher (P < 0.05) mean magnesium, iron, calcium, potassium and phosphorus in banana, with a significantly higher (P < 0.05) mean zinc and sodium in plantain. The anti-nutrient analysis showed a significantly higher (P < 0.05) phytate content in plantain with significantly higher (P < 0.05) mean cyanide in banana. No significant difference (P >0.05) was observed when the saponin, tannin and oxalate content of both species were compared. This result showed that banana may be more nutritive than plantain.

 

Key words: Minerals, nutrients, anti-nutrients, biochemical, food, composition, industry.

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